Aviation comes from the Latin word ‘avis’ meaning “bird”. Generally we can give appropriate translation of the word is that aviation deals with travel by air, specifically in a plane. Aviation technology is a broad field and covers aspects of flight training, aircraft maintenance and aircraft security. Aviation is one of the most “global” industries: connecting people, cultures and businesses across continents. It is necessary for all stakeholders and partners to work together to maximize the benefits of air transport, and to support the sustainable growth of aviation by connecting more people and more places. It provides the only rapid worldwide transportation network, which makes it essential for global business. It generates economic growth, creates jobs, and facilitates international trade and tourism. Historically, air transport has doubled in size every 15 years and has grown faster than most other industries.
The air transport industry also supported a total of 62.7 million jobs globally. It provided 9.9 million direct jobs. Airlines, air navigation service providers and airports directly employed over three million people. The civil aerospace sector employed 1.1 million people. A further 5.5 million worked in other on-airport positions. 52.8 million Indirectly induced and tourism-related jobs were supported by aviation.
According to recent estimates by the cross-industry Air Transport Action Group (ATAG), the total economic impact (direct, indirect, induced and tourism-connected) of the global aviation industry reached USD2.7 trillion, some 3.5 percent of world’s gross domestic product (GDP). In 2016, airlines worldwide carried around 3.8 billion passengers annually with 7.1 trillion revenue passenger kilometers (RPKs). Every day, around 100,000 flights transport over 10 million passengers and around USD18 billion worth of goods. These estimates do not include other economic benefits of aviation, such as the jobs or economic activity that occur when companies or industries exist because air travel makes them possible, the intrinsic value that the speed and connectivity of air travel provides, or domestic tourism and trade.
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